Researchers Uncover ‘Death Sandwich’ in Biblical Book of Genesis

"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth," the opening words of the King James Version bible, words you might call the crust on a piece of creation-angled bread in a figurative sandwich that it seems harbors a rather morbid filling.

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“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth,” reads the opening words of the King James bible. According to new research, those words might be considered a slice of creation-angled bread in ametaphorical sandwich — one with a rather morbid filling.

Using a free online analytics tool dubbed “Search Visualizer” that transforms text queries into color-coded visual charts, researchers at Keele University in the U.K. and Amridge University in the U.S. have reportedly discovered an ancient literary trick in the Judeo-Christian Bible’s famous foundational book. That trick, known as inclusio or “bracketing,” involves placing similar material at the beginning and end of something; in Genesis’ cases, the writers appear to have enclosed a midsection thematically dominated by “death” with intro and outro passages devoted to “life.”

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The researchers call this the “Genesis Death Sandwich,” reports Science Daily. (It’s also not a bad way to draw attention to your research.)

“This is a significant discovery for historians and theologians interested in the Old Testament, and shows that whoever wrote the version of the text that been passed down to us was clearly employing this rhetorical structure,” said Dr. Gordon Rugg, a senior lecturer in Computing and Mathematics at Keele and the guy who designed Search Visualizer. “Whether this was done consciously or subconsciously will probably remain a mystery, although possible reasons for the pattern might be to soften the negative messages of death, or perhaps to juxtapose life and death for greater impact.”

It’s not the first instance of inclusio noticed in the Bible; in fact the sacred text is brimming with others, including several found in the New Testament Gospels and others in various Old Testament books.

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37 comments
zerehiah
zerehiah

It is ridiculous to see how much assumptions  and superstitions are accused of Scripture. However no surprise in the history of humanity, most especially for those who seek to be accountable to none. Science with all it is claimed to proofs has failed to tell the origin of hate and love because by all its empirical formulas,emotions, attitudes and feelings can neither be put into a mathematical equation nor a lab test tube; yet science itself may not define its origin unless it draws to the infinite wisdom of God. 

When such questions as the reliability, authority, inspiration and dependability of the Bible are doubted or questioned our reference can not be another fallen humanity or man-made formulas or philosophies; it must be a standard higher or equal to the bible and who can claim thus. Essentially the denial is not against scripture itself but the God it proclaims; and only those whose conscience is sired by constant rejection of the very Clear convictions that knock on their hearts daily affirm thus.

It is no doubt however that for all recorded history , no historical writings that have been tested by vigorous rejection and extermination have stood the test of time with such a great proof of following and  sacrifice as the Bible. From the defenses of early church fathers; Arthanasius, to Origen, to Augustin of Hipo, to Clement of Alexandria, Papius, Ireneaus and so many others let alone our modern apologists the human effort to deny the validity and credibility of Scripture has failed at all generations. From the philosophies of Plagius, to Arius, to modern scientists as Darwin, social-political activists like Maxists, Communists etc, none can surpass the tenacity, power and Validity of Scripture.

History proves that all human persons who choose to exalt themselves above God's standard of truth or norm for Ethical judgements and living have eventually disqualified themselves from the very claims they affirmed.; for neither their theories or philosophies have made for them a better life let alone families, social structures, or  behaviors.   

This is therefore no new conflict or aspect of life, it is a repetition of those old fallacies and rebirth of ancient rejections of the creator and as surely as those went down with those who advocated them then, nothing less for those claims we see and hear today can last. Only time will prove them wrong and empty arguments of humans, finite, futile assumptions that end with the says other than Facts.

The Bible is God's inspired word and its historicity is factual other than fictional or a collection of ancient traditional cultural practices and belief, a repetition or reduplication of former principles that have no logical form. It is the basis upon which even every source of of human rejection of its claims can be adequately summed  ( Romans1:18-2:11, Psalms 14:1, 53:1, Romans 6:23, Titus 3:3).

I call you to drop your rejections and false assumptions and believe the Gospel because all who tried before you did not make it neither can you.     I am praying for you!

 

BobFawcett
BobFawcett

Talk is cheap, lets see some action on Chinas part. The game here is they know the US loves to engage in talking, and with that they can drag it out for decades with busy work, to say they are talking. During which time NK will lie, cheat, threaten, end treaties, develop weapons. Surly we are smarter than this?

dapokemontrainerz
dapokemontrainerz

Mind.... blown? No, not really. So what they started with the theme of life, then death, and finished with life? What kind of shocking news story is that?

DeweySayenoff
DeweySayenoff

Religion was created to give men earthly power over others.  The myths and legends used were created to answer those burning questions, where do we come from, why are we here and what happens when we die.  Those "answers" were based on speculation, of course, because they lacked the foundations of scientific inquiry.  If it sounded reasonable (Which then begs the question, how can reason evolved from unreasonable beings?) it was taken as fact.

As time wore on, the way the world was viewed changed.  People started finding explanations for things which previously had been attributed to these "reasonable explanations" they'd been saddled with for thousands of years.  The Earth wasn't flat after all, nor was it at the center of the universe, germs caused infections, not 'vapors", diseases could be prevented and some things even cured them.  All of which could happen without any interference or influence from deities.

From the vastness of the cosmos a thousand years ago to sub-atomic interactions today, the places for "God" to hide have grown fewer and fewer as more and more of the way our universe works are revealed to minds more intent on proving their positions with facts than maintaining power over others with lies and myth.  The answers to those burning questions are somewhat less than satisfying from a mystical point of view, but it provides us with some realistic perspective.

Where do we come from?  We appear to have evolved from minuscule shrew-like semi-mammals over hundreds of millions of years.

Why are we here?  See the first question's answer.  We're here.  If you're looking for direction, try helping mankind without hurting it.  That tends to work better for everyone.

What happens when we die?  Decomposition.  If you're looking for continued consciousness, the odds aren't good for that.  There is no factual evidence that humans possess a "soul".  There is considerable evidence to suggest that most people can't emotionally deal with the thought of nonexistence and would rather make up more comforting, if completely inaccurate, rationalizations in order to face the inevitability of it.

The bright side is that those who believe in life after death won't be around at all to be disappointed by the likelihood that there isn't any.  The problem, of course, is that so many people live to die that they have no qualms about killing or harassing others because of that life after death belief.  If we treated each other with the certainty that this life is ALL WE GET, then we may actually be nicer to others because we know our religions are just a pile of mythical BS.

TizzAlNabi
TizzAlNabi

Only one problem--it was written in Hebrew, so applying text analysis to the English translation is absurd.

MikeRiggs
MikeRiggs

This is news?  It is a literary form called a chiasm (after the greek letter Chi - looks like and x) and was not new when I was in college,  It is simply a literary form common to ancient near east writings.  Although calling it a sandwich will surely get more attention.

ungarsargon
ungarsargon

well they are not the first to "discover this"

bible scholars for a century have described this with careful textual research and analytics.

i have been using colors to develop a three dimensional model of the text for a decade.

see my website for essays and other podcasts relating to this

jyungar.com


Dr Julian Ungar-Sargon MD PhD

snosnikrap
snosnikrap

No one has really analyzed the old testament. I have. No one was around, no tape recorders or cameras when the "Big Bang" accord . This is the 21st century yet everyone is ignorant. Orbiting satellites and earth bound telescopes show the heavens and earth were createde billions of years ago. Genisis does not mention the age of dinosaurs or the ice age of earth. Genisis tells of three sons of God who came to earth and found the women attractive. The new testament tells of Jesus born of an earth woman-Mary- as the son of God. The old testament tells of a god who wanted all killed who did not believe in him. This included men, women, children, and pregnant ones.Little David slew the giant with a sling shot then cut off the giant's head. He ran around looking for Saul then killed him. Adam and Eve had three sons, yet when Cain slew Able  god banished him. Later Cain married . Who did he marry ? 

JackHudson
JackHudson

Isaiah 40:22

New King James Version (NKJV)

22 It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,
And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,
Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain,
And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.

I don't think you'll find the fellow who just schooled you to be a flat earther.

Hadrewsky
Hadrewsky

Yes... Talented Bronze Age authors copied down stories from existing religions into their new texts with a twist... Taking virgin births from the greeks - taking epic floods from Gilgamesh - and taking opposing forces of good an evil from Zoroaster


Those who wrote the bible were talented... But they were merely regurgitating a Bronze Age meme recipe to gain followers that would indoctrinate their children into being brain dead husks of faith, or worse, partially capable brains dedicated to spreading the meme and walling off their sense of reason from their religious nonsense.


The point is that Religion is the greatest modern disaster for our tolerating a Bronze Age meme.

roknsteve
roknsteve

That's Abraham - no edit function on Livefrye.

roknsteve
roknsteve

"Death Sandwich" is the perfect name for it.  Did you know that Genesis was copied word for word from the 6,000 year old "The Seven Tablets of Creation" from ancient Sumer?  But they left out all the science and knowledge.  And no it wasn't written by Abahram. 

jimmythesaint.rp
jimmythesaint.rp

Faith, as for the proud one, his soul is not right within him, but the Righteous shall live by Faith. I'll get to see you one day when you ask me to 'cool your tongue' because of the unrelenting tortuous heat. I can't hate you, but instead pity you. You sad sack of Secular Humanism.

joshuathirteen
joshuathirteen

@TizzAlNabi , no because it about the meaning, not the actually precise text. Another example is the parallelism you can see in much ancient Hebrew poetry - see the Psalms. The structure of the meaning of the text survives translation.

Wolfbitn
Wolfbitn

@snosnikrap  If you studied the old testament, why is almost everything you just said about it here absolutely wrong?

harleylovinchelley
harleylovinchelley

@snosnikrap If you refer to the flood, God sent a messenger, Noah, to warn the people a flood was coming. Those left behind committed suicide by ignorance. 

David did not kill Saul. Saul was so depressed over the major defeat at Gilboa he fell on his own sword. 

 Adam and Eve also had daughters but for some reason they were not mentioned. Very few texts list all the daughters because it was a very Patriarchal society. Cain married one of the sisters who he convinced to follow him. I know that would be wrong in todays society but Adam and Eve were created perfect. Their children did not have the risk of birth defects that might occur today.

Xsmokedoutx
Xsmokedoutx

@Hadrewsky You were there I suppose? Or did you here this on tv? Your guess is as good as any other.

rfdgskj
rfdgskj

@roknsteve I'm sorry, but do you think that Sumar's creation myth featured science or knowledge?


epitygxanwn
epitygxanwn

@roknsteve Your claim is silly. No, it was not "copied word for word" from anything. For one thing, Ancient Sumerian creation myths were polytheistic. Genesis is very much the opposite, even avoiding the words 'moon' and 'sun' for their undesirable association with the names of moon and sun deities.

DeweySayenoff
DeweySayenoff

@harleylovinchelley@snosnikrap "Cain married one of the sisters who he convinced to follow him. I know that would be wrong in todays society but Adam and Eve were created perfect. Their children did not have the risk of birth defects that might occur today."

 Our genetic code says otherwise.  Not that we couldn't have come from "perfect parents", but that we didn't.  Not one of us.

joshuathirteen
joshuathirteen

@harleylovinchelley @snosnikrap actually the daughters are mentioned. It says " they had other sons and daughters" Also that bit about birth defects is a myth. Two healthy parents are not more likely to have children with birth defects because they are brother and sister, or cousins. If one or both parents have genetic abnormalities, that's an issue for the kids regardless of any famililial connection.

Hadrewsky
Hadrewsky

@Xsmokedoutx

Any halfwit can research the biblical stories and their origins ... The funny thing is that the majority of biblical stories are merely rehashed versions of earlier "Holy Works" from earlier religions...

Living by the bible is to live by a Bronze Age Meme.... a PLAGIARIZED Bronze Age Meme.

Gee the wonders of Religion.

softbombsalad
softbombsalad

You can tell which myths the creators of Christianity borrowed from other cultures by RESEARCHING. It's uncanny just how much of that faith is borrowed from ancient religions and cultures. It's a historically proven fact, not a guess.

roknsteve
roknsteve

The Enuma Elish describes all the planets revolving around our sun.  You should read one of the books by Dr. Zecharia Sitchin such as "Genesis Revisited" or "The 12th Planet".  His books show you how to read ancient cuneiform.

roknsteve
roknsteve

@epitygxanwn @roknsteve I can tell you haven't read it.  I can read cuniform, too. At least read some books by Zecharia Sitchin like "Genesis Reviseted".  And talk about "polytheistic", the whole bible is a mish-mash of older religions.  Every time some christian says "amen" they are praying to a dead Pharaoh like Amen Ra or Amen Hotep.    

DeweySayenoff
DeweySayenoff

@joshuathirteen @snosnikrap You have a certain truth in that there has to be recessive traits in common to both parents for it to be reenforced and expressed, but you're utterly wrong about the directness of family relationships to the odds of it happening.  The odds of reenforcing negative alleles are significantly higher in those who are already genetically similar, such as in a family.  The more direct the family relationship, the greater the chances of one expressing itself.  This is because both have a 50% chance of carrying negative recessive genes.  And that means the odds of one expressing itself is one in four for every birth. The odds of that happening with a stranger are significantly lower, because, obviously, we don't have a one in four rate of expressions of negative recessive traits among the general population.

They don't make up stories about inbreeding for nothing.

Wolfbitn
Wolfbitn

@softbombsalad  truth be told the ancient biblical patriarch Abraham (Abram), lived in ancient Mesopatamia before travelling to the "promised land". To say Christianity borrowed form the Mesopotamians  is a bit askewed.   The story is not then borrowed at all, but rather the same story, and from the same time and place.

roknsteve
roknsteve

There's no Nazareth on any ancient maps.  Emperor Constantine picked the names Hesus and Krishna for the new Roman god which eventually became Jesus Christ.  The word "christian" didn't even exist until 500 years ago.  How's that for your primitive and pagan religion?  Enjoy your blindness and ignorance. 

jimmythesaint.rp
jimmythesaint.rp

The fool have sayeth in his heart. "There is no God", also you sad demonic heathen. "Thus sayeth the LORD, Cursed is the man who trusts in mankind, And makes flesh his strength, And whose heart turns away from the LORD.

Blessed is the man who trusts the LORD, And whose trust is the LORD.

For even though they knew God, they did not honour Him as God, or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools. This beautiful message from on high is found is found in Romans, chapter 1. Ask the Lord to help you understand, you silly, lost vessel of heathenistic toxicity. I'll see Christ when my earthly vessel is done. You'll get to see God the Father, maybe He'll let you explain your sickened paganistic views.

MatthewBerg
MatthewBerg

@roknsteve@epitygxanwn Even if the etymology were firmly established to be derived from Egyptian sources, that hardly means Christians are "praying to a dead Pharaoh".  And so far as I can tell, although it is one of several suggested origins, there is little to no academic research establishing it beyond the level of conjecture.

roknsteve
roknsteve

@Hadrewsky @epitygxanwn @roknsteve Since you didn't comprehend what I wrote and have an overactive imagination going to make it simple for you.  I'm not religious and the so-called bible is a pagan document. 

Hadrewsky
Hadrewsky

@epitygxanwn @roknsteve 


Your faith stole stories from other cultures and changes a few details to make it look convincing to 3000 year old Bronze Age Nomads...


the fact you are still captivated by such a pathetic book of plagiarized stories only shows you the depths of your self delusion and childhood indoctrination.....Mommy and Daddy made you a good little brain dead zombie

roknsteve
roknsteve

@epitygxanwn @roknsteve If you could read you would notice I said they left out all the science.  If the "Sun and Moon" isn't science to you then you are a flat earther.  You're just stuck on simple-minded so I won't waste any more time on you, Mr. Word Police.  I give you my blessing, go in peace.

epitygxanwn
epitygxanwn

@roknsteve It does no good to brag of reading cuneiform -- if you can't even spell the word correctly. Besides: lots of languages were written in cuneiform. I see you do not even bother to confirm if the language you read is a relevant one.

But a far more serious failing is your failure in basic logic: it cannot be "word for word" when the Hebrew version does -- as I already pointed out -- use circumlocution to avoid naming the sun and moon, when the alleged original does not. Or are you going to claim you can find a cuneiform original that also avoided naming the sun and moon in the same way, word for word. I'll believe that when I see it.