Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted on charges of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes by the International Criminal Court, has managed to hold onto power after the country was split into two last year. Yet, if Arab Spring-inspired discontent was to chase him away ending his 23 year-long rule, the billions of oil money he has allegedly stashed abroad would help with retirement. Wikileaks revealed in 2010 that he kept at least $9 billion in U.K. bank accounts at the time.
South Sudan, which split from Sudan in summer 2011, reportedly was missing $4 billion from government coffers, or two years of revenue, even before gaining independence, the money having been embezzled by its current ruling party. The country is not included in Transparency International’s 2012 survey.